What Causes Gynecomastia?

Home » Male Breast Reduction » What Causes Gynecomastia?

What Causes Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is a confusing and frustrating condition that causes excess tissue to develop in the chest. For men, this can lead to a number of issues, including discomfort, self-consciousness and low self-esteem. By taking a look at the causes of gynecomastia, we can come to a better understanding of how to prevent it, how to manage it, and most importantly, how to overcome it.

Hormone Changes

Gynecomastia in Plano, TXGynecomastia can be a direct result of an increase in the estrogen hormone. Estrogen is present in all males, but only in small amounts. However, a hormonal imbalance can quickly cause gynecomastia to occur, and this is most likely to happen during infancy, puberty and after the age of 50. In most cases, hormone levels return to normal levels on their own, and gynecomastia symptoms disappear shortly thereafter. In rare cases, though, extra attention is needed to overcome gynecomastia and correct the issue.

Health Conditions

Any health condition that affects hormone levels has the possibility of causing gynecomastia as a result of a hormone imbalance. The most common cause is the natural aging process, which causes hormone changes over time – especially in men who are overweight. Another common cause is kidney failure, which alters the production of hormones.

Drugs and Alcohol

Lastly, alcohol and both prescription drugs and street drugs run the risk of causing gynecomastia. Among this list of drugs are:


  • Anxiety medications
  • Antidepressants
  • Steroids
  • AIDS medications
  • Marijuana
  • Heroin

How to Prevent Gynecomastia

Living a healthy lifestyle is a great start to preventing gynecomastia, as this will likely prevent some of the health conditions and risks that can make you vulnerable to developing gynecomastia. Additionally, minimizing your use of drugs and alcohol can reduce your risk of developing gynecomastia.

How to Get Rid of Gynecomastia

In some cases, diet and exercise can be sufficient in reducing gynecomastia symptoms. Unfortunately, this doesn’t always work, and that leaves just one remaining option: gynecomastia surgery. On the bright side, gynecomastia surgery is highly effective and produces permanent results. To learn more about this treatment or discuss your goals with the team at Plastic & Cosmetic Surgery Center of Texas, contact us today.